There is a complex and mutual relationship, which exist between the varieties of microorganisms, which are found in the soil. In soil there live not only beneficial micro organisms such as photosynthetic bacteria and azotobactors but also fungi, yeasts and lacto bacilli’s. As well as those micro-organisms which lead to plant disease.

Nobody would deny that the soil(s) plays an integral role in the production of healthy crops. Yet there are (very) few people who are aware of the fact that the soil itself exists under a complex balance of a vast number of different micro-organisms. Soil diseases are considered to be the most damaging to crops among crop diseases. Soil diseases occur when the balance among micro-organisms in the soil is disrupted anyone would then be led to wonder if it is not possible to restore this balance by artificially injecting these micro-organisms into the soil. In fact such attempts have been made by many researchers but most of them failed. According to conventional theories it is generally accepted that it is no use putting artificially cultivated micro-organisms into the soil. This theory has a fault in that they used single types of micro-organisms or sprayed micro-organisms to suppress disease in a sympathetic treatment to suppress diseases. This was done without properly understanding the meaning of disease and insect infestation in nature.

And so bearing this fully in mind studies were conducted over a long period of time to find out the best combinations of micro-organisms in the soil that would enable plant to grow healthily. As a result it was found out that if there are many disease and putrescence micro-organisms in soil, that is, if the soil becomes disease inducing soil the infestation of disease and insects often occurs. On the other hand if predominant micro-organisms in the soil are groups that suppress disease, such as ray fungi, penicillia or tractoderma then the soil changes into disease suppressive soil. It has also been found that if organic matter in soils is allowed to ferment with out decomposing then the soils ability to suppress disease increases and the utilization rate of the organic matter also increases. These soils are classified as Zymogenic soils. In soil there are also groups of micro-organisms that produce saccharides and amino acids that fix vitamins and nitrogen. When these groups become dominant the soil can make itself fertile. These soils are classified as Synthetic soils. In this way soils are classified according to their micro flora.

These various micro-organisms are cultured and are known as EM or Effective Micro-organisms. EM is now used for various practical applications. There are more than 80 different micro-organisms including Actinomycetes, Photosynthetic bacteria, Fermenting fungi, Yeasts, and Lactic acid bacteria present in the EM product.

EM can improve the chemical, physical, biological and microbial aspects of the soil. It is readily available, cost effective, easy to use and is environmentally safe

and is registered with Act 36.

Effective Microorganisms are also promoted through the Kyusei Farming Network.

To find out more click on Kyusei and/or  More on EM.

See Lindros training using the Effective Micro organisms